Plastic surgery is a discipline that actually includes two different practice areas. Cosmetic surgeries are procedures that are intended to change the shape, size, or appearance of an otherwise normal bodily feature. Reconstructive surgery is intended to rebuild a body part that is either deformed by a birth defect or damaged due to trauma. The purpose is often to improve the functionality of the feature as well as its appearance. In either case, patients should seek out specialists in plastic surgery Raleigh NC for either cosmetic or reconstructive procedures.
Common Cosmetic Procedures
Some of the most common cosmetic procedures are performed on the skin to remove or diminish wrinkles and other signs of aging. These include facial rejuvenation procedures that involve injections of fat or collagen. They also include laser skin resurfacing or dermabrasion. Other common cosmetic procedures involve reducing one’s weight or improving one’s silhouette through liposuction or body contouring. Rhinoplasty involves reshaping the nose, while augmentation increases the size of a body part, such as the breasts.
Common Reconstructive Procedures
Many injuries or surgical procedures can leave scars behind when they heal. Scar revision seeks to minimize the appearance. Reconstructive surgery can restore the appearance of a breast removed by mastectomy due to breast cancer. Breast hypertrophy can cause the breasts to grow too large, too fast. This can cause back problems and other health issues. Breast reduction surgery can restore normal size.
Congenital defects of the face can include deviated septum and cleft lip and palate. Surgery can restore the function as well as the appearance of the nose and mouth due to these defects. Reconstructive surgery can restore flexibility, function, and strength to an injured hand and remove symptomatic birthmarks.
Another significant difference between reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery is that the latter is considered elective, so insurance usually doesn’t cover it. Because the goal of reconstructive surgery is to correct an abnormality, coverage may be available.